There are more than 3,500 species of mosquitoes in the world. About 175 species live in the United States with about 60 of those found in Alabama. Some types particularly love the weather of Huntsville, Alabama. If you have a pesky mosquito problem, then you will want to identify the type of mosquito by using a mosquito identification guide. Understanding the particular species of mosquito allows you to recognize the most dangerous ones.
Asian Tiger Mosquito
The Asian tiger mosquito has black and white stripes over much of its body including its legs. The eggs are shaped like cigars. Examine the scutum carefully, and you will see that it contains a single white stripe down the middle. This mosquito is a carrier of dengue fever, West Nile fever, yellow fever and encephalitis.
Japanese Encephalitis Mosquito
The Japanese encephalitis mosquito looks very similar to the Asian tiger mosquito except that it has a yellowish-white stripe down its scutum with lighter stripes on either side. Japan has dealt with this mosquito as the carrier of viral encephalitis since 1871, and it is now found in the Huntsville area.
The yellow-fever mosquito also has black and white stripes across most of its body. The scutum on this specie of mosquito, however, contains white scales in a lyre shape. While they resemble the Asian tiger mosquito in many ways, they are much smaller with adults normally growing to no more than .25 inches. This mosquito is a carrier of dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever.
Southern House Mosquito
If you see a brown mosquito with M-shaped markings on its body, then it is probably a southern house mosquito. The southern house mosquito is the primary vector of St. Louis encephalitis virus. It is also a carrier of lymphatic filariasis, avian malaria, St. Louis encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, and West Nile fever.
Eastern Treehole Mosquito
Mosquitoes with white scales on its side are probably eastern treehole mosquitoes. These mosquitoes also have a wide stripe down their scutum with two thinner lateral stripes on either side. These mosquitoes are carriers of La Crosse encephalitis.
Mosquito identification is vital to protect yourself and your family from illnesses. Eliminate all standing water from around your home as mosquitoes use this as breeding grounds. Grow plants that attract insects that feed on mosquitoes. Stock ponds with mosquito-larvae-eating fish. Contact us for more details about your individual situation.