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A Guide to Repairing Foundations The foundation helps in balancing the weight of the house to the ground on which the house stands. Not properly setting a structure’s foundation will surely result to repairs when the damage is done. A structure’s foundation settlement is important for a building to be deemed safe and of value. If there are troubles with how the fill soils are contracted, how the building is maintained, and even expansive clay present on the foundation then that would lead to a trouble in the foundation settling. Aside from that there may be other reasons for improper foundation settlement like unnoticed air pockets beneath the structure. The air pocket may weaken the foundation of the building and may be its eventual downfall. Indicators of a building that needs foundation repairs are the following: there are bulges in the walls, there are cracks on the walls, and the doors do not get closed properly. An expansive soil is a major issue for buildings that causes foundation settlement. If an area in the building’s foundation caves in, a major indicator of that would be cracks on its surface. If there are fissures evident on the walls and the foundation of the building, disjointed doors and windows, wall rotation, and displaced molding then that would mean that there is improper floor settling. Inside the building the following are indicators of improper floor settling: misaligned windows and doors, cracks on the sheet rock and floor. You can do foundation repair in many ways possible. The previous methods of foundation repair used the stone, cement, wood and steel. In a desperate manner these materials are inserted into the building’s foundation to strengthen it. Such method is ineffective eventually and it does no good to the building. Two effective methods of doing a foundation repair is through slab jacking and Piering method. Another term for Piering method is hydraulic jacking.
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Mortar is injected under a beam or a slab through the method of slab jacking. Such process elevates the slab or beam to a height near its original place and it also makes it much stronger. You have to make sure that there is an enough quantity of sand in the addition of grout.
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In the process of Piering, steel beams are buried through the soil which is unstable. To fix the problems in the concrete slab due to the soil, hydraulic jacks are used. Because of how impressive the concrete is in terms of its hardiness, Piering methods makes used of steel posts. Steel is used in the Piering method because it is durable enough to withstand the pulling forces of the shifting soils, despite of the Piers ability to carry the downward loads effectively. The average duration of foundation repairs is 21 to 30 days but that still depends on the soil and the weather.